Rabbit paratyphoid disease, also known as salmonellosis, is caused by Salmonella infection. The main symptoms of this disease are acute death from sepsis, diarrhea, or miscarriage. It is a relatively common zoonotic infectious disease. Therefore, rabbit breeders should pay attention to preventing paratyphoid fever in rabbits for the sake of their own health and safety. The manufacturer of Mengyin Changmao Rabbit will explain to you:
Prevention and control measures of paratyphoid fever in rabbits
1. The main preventive measure for rabbit paratyphoid disease is to prevent susceptible rabbits from coming into contact with infectious sources. The breeder should pay attention to timely driving out rats and flies in the rabbit farm and removing the transmission medium. In addition, keep the rabbit's feed and drinking water, bedding, rabbit houses, rabbit cages, utensils, etc. clean to avoid pollution.
2. Vaccination. Before and during the early stages of pregnancy, a female rabbit is injected with 0.8 ml of the inactivated aluminum hydroxide vaccine of Salmonella typhimurium, which is administered subcutaneously or intramuscularly. This immune measure can effectively control the occurrence of paratyphoid fever in rabbits.
3. Once a rabbit is found to have contracted this disease, it is important to isolate and eliminate the infected rabbit in a timely manner, and disinfect the rabbit cage, rabbit house, and utensils with 2% caustic soda or 3% Lysol. In addition, people who have come into contact with sick rabbits should also pay attention to disinfection.
Prevention and treatment of paratyphoid fever in rabbits
Treatment of paratyphoid fever in rabbits
1. Antibiotic therapy: a. Intramuscular injection of chloramphenicol: Give 2ml of chloramphenicol to the sick rabbit twice a day for 3 to 4 consecutive days. Alternatively, it can be given orally to sick rabbits, 20 to 50 ml per kg of body weight, once a day, for 3 to 4 consecutive days; B. Intramuscular injection of oxytetracycline: 40mg per kg of body weight per day, divided into two injections, for 3 consecutive days. Oral dosage: Each sick rabbit was orally administered 100 to 200 mg per day, divided into two oral doses per day, and administered orally for three days; c. Intramuscular injection of streptomycin: each sick rabbit was injected 0.1~0.2g every day, divided into two injections, and treated for 3~4 consecutive days. Dosage for oral administration: 0.1 to 0.5 g per sick rabbit, taken orally twice a day for 3 to 4 consecutive days.
2. Sulfamide therapy: 1. Treat with succinylsulfathiazole, 0.1 to 0.3 g per kg of body weight per day, divided into 2 to 3 oral doses; 2. Sulfamidine was used for treatment, ranging from 0.1 to 0.2 g per kg of body weight, divided into two doses per day for three consecutive days; 3. Use sulfamethazine medication, 0.2 to 0.3 g per kg of body weight, once a day, for 5 consecutive days.
3. Garlic Therapy: Wash and thoroughly mash an appropriate amount of garlic, add an appropriate amount of garlic and water in a 1:5 ratio, and make 20% garlic juice. Take 5ml of each sick rabbit orally each time, three times a day, for 5 consecutive days.
The above is my introduction to rabbit paratyphoid fever, which is a common zoonotic infectious disease. I hope that all breeders will pay attention to it and take good precautions. For more information, please visit our website http://www.inxfhmh.cn Consult and understand!